Environmental Researcher seeking EPA support on FCC
Investigation of Unregulated Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
I am an environmental researcher of ozone depletion mechanisms and have found an unregulated source of ozone depletion that demands investigation in the wake of growing global warming concerns. I discovered that this mechanism is little known or understood within the scientific community, but it has been proven that it exists and can have impacts as great as CFC’s or solar proton events upon the formation and depletion of stratospheric ozone. This mechanism was first found by scientist R.M. Thorne from University of California in 1977, when he discovered that magnetosphere relativistic electron precipitation (REP) is a natural source of stratospheric ozone depletion, especially in polar regions. It creates NO2 and OH, major contributors to ozone holes as it provides a secondary form of ionization on the ozone layer. Only recently have we discovered, through experiments conducted at the HAARP and EISCAT ionosphere research facilities, that radio waves can cause REP in the polar and cusp regions. Radio waves is a new mechanism for stratospheric ozone depletion, and according to the Swedish National Space Board, world leaders in ionosphere research, there is a growing concern for the effects man made radio pollution has on the environment. They state clearly that the amount of power put out by the handful of scientific transmitters is insignificant to the total amount created by man.
“From below, the ionosphere is continually being irradiated with thousands of megawatts of radio waves generated by lightning strokes associated with the thunderstorms which occur in the Earth's lower atmosphere at a rate of about one hundred per second. It is also irradiated by the electromagnetic waves from the tens of thousands of broadcast, TV, utility and radar stations that are in use on the surface on the Earth. The radiated powers from the more powerful of these stations range from a few hundred kilowatts to a few megawatts. The handful of research radio facilities that use radio waves for studying the environment use the same type of transmitters with the same powers, but are so few that they contribute negligibly to the total man-made radiation.”
“The spectra measured in the HF frequency range onboard the Intercosmos-19, Cosmos-1809, ACTIVE, APEX and CORONAS-I satellites revealed unusual features suggesting a strong modification of the electron plasma in the topside ionosphere over densely populated areas of Europe and Asia. The location of broadband enhancements of about 20 dB relative to the cosmic noise over these areas is evident.”
“Experimental results from three ionospheric HF pumping experiments in overdense E or F regions are summarized. The experiments were conducted by the use of the EISCAT HF Heating facility located near Tromsø, Norway, allowing HF pumping the ionosphere in a near geomagnetic field-aligned direction. Distinctive features related to auroral activations in the course of the experiments are identified… The authors present their interpretation of the data as follows. It is suggested that two populations of charged particles are at play. One of them is the runaway population of electrons and ions from the ionosphere caused by the effects of the powerful HF radio wave. The other is the population of electrons that precipitate from the magnetosphere. It is shown that the hydrodynamical equilibrium was disrupted due to the effects of the HF pumping.”
The hydrodynamical equilibrium is a factor in ozone depletion models
FCC allocation and regulation of radio frequencies do not consider its effects on the environment at all! Our regulations for ERP are based on receiving quality, profitability, while avoiding interference, not the effects of ion outflow and electron precipitation in the ionosphere, which we are only just learning about. In our search for a cause in global warming, we have been focusing on the mechanisms we can clearly see, like air pollution, but there are two major man made sources that affect the atmosphere, air pollution and radio pollution. Of these two forms only air pollution is monitored and regulated, mostly because we are only just learning about this other mechanism and about global warming. I can only guess as to what role radio pollution plays in global warming, but it may be significant. We look forward to a future of broadband broadcasting HDTV in 2009, flooding a mechanism we don’t fully understand when our ozone layer needs all the help it can get. Even if it helps a little, that could save another species from extinction because its home habitat is out of its normal temperature range.
To understand the base natural state of relativistic electron precipitation we have to study it unaffected by radio waves from broadcast transmitters, thus I propose a collective effort between as many countries as we can to have a period of broadcast silence, if even a day or ten minutes. This would have to be a joint effort from organizations like the FCC, NASA, the Antarctic-Arctic Radiation-belt (Dynamic) Deposition - VLF Atmospheric Research Konsortium (AARDDVARK) as well as any other country that wishes to contribute. It would provide scientists around the world an opportunity to study the natural atmospheric radio environment with a level of technological observation unlike ever before. We may learn that its role is insignificant or we may learn that it plays a major part and that REP and ion outflow isn’t natural at all and has been depleting the ozone layer for a long time. Perhaps many other “natural” mechanisms of the atmosphere and ionosphere will change to reveal a deeper balance that has been obscured since 1909, when radio pollution first began. Scientists have observed twice the magnitude of ion outflow that solar wind models can predict and NASA was criticized for not noticing the depletion of the ozone layer sooner, as it appeared to have been thinning gradually for decades or longer perhaps. I have studied many of the high powered radio transmitters and historic broadcast trends to understand this process. In fact, the gyro frequency in the ionosphere is sensitive to excitation and happens to fall in the AM broadcast band at 1.5MHz. All kinds of instabilities and disturbances have been observed around this gyro frequency range in the ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling. My intention is to make the EPA aware of this mechanism of ozone depletion. My hope is that the EPA will support and aid in coordinating an investigation with the FCC as well as government and universities to gain an adequate understanding of any possible dangers that an unregulated mechanism of ozone depletion may have on the environment. I intend to monitor the progress of this, and will do whatever I can to see that this is fully considered and carried through to fruition. Fortunately we can turn down broadcast power and at least clear the air in any sense of the term, while CO2 regulations continue to threaten the economic production of nations around the globe in what some scientists are concluding to be an unstoppable beast of pollution and infrastructure. With this letter I am including the scientific documents that detail this mechanism for ozone depletion clearly. It is important to consider all known ozone depletion mechanisms and not just the popular ones. I hope this is not underestimated, for we face serious times ahead in our global challenge. With kindness, Ethan A. Clark