Polar Regions - Parts & Process
As we look into the polar regions we can see a complex system of electrical rivers and particle streams. There are four basic concepts that must be understood to follow the path of energy through the polar regions in relation to Broadcast Theory.
1.EIC waves cause electron precipitation which at relativistic energies generates X-ray 'bremsstrahlung' (breaking radiation) which interacts with stratospheric nitrogen creating NO/NO2 and OH that depletes ozone.
2.EIC waves cause ion outflows and a density shift in charged particles in polar regions while cyclotron maser frequency waves flow up magnetic field lines toward the sun heating solar protons contributing to kink in the flux tubes near the sun and a backscatter of ion flow in the solar convective region.
3.EICM waves slow ions in the solar wind and particle transport from the solar convective region, potentially contributing to delta type sunspots.
4.These sunspots in turn throw energy back at earth in the form of solar proton events that further deplete ozone.
5.Powerline Harmonic Radiation (PLHR) effects the magnetospheric generation of cyclotron maser plasma waves combine with increasing
electron density in the polar regions act as a secondary source of ionization in ozones fragile creation process.
1.EIC: Electrostatic Ion Cyclotron Waves - [E layer ~1.45MHz]
As EIC ionospheric plasma turbulence travels northward through the E layer toward the polar regions it undergoes amplification (magnetospheric dependant amplification), then in the cusp region where the magnetic field lines from the magnetosphere cross the ionosphere, it causes two populations of charged particles to flow out. One of them is a runaway population of electrons and ions from the ionosphere caused by the effects of the amplified cyclotron wave turbulence. The other is a population of relativistic electrons that precipitate from the magnetosphere.
Ionospheric EIC plasma wave intensifications crossing the magnetospheric flux tubes decrease the perpendicular force and change the pitch angle that magnetospheric particles rely on to stay trapped in the radiation belts allowing of particles to diffuse into the polar cusp at relativistic energies.
I will get into the effects of electron precipitation EEP-NOx and the different kinds in the next section on Ozone.
“Parallel to the well-known effects related to the seismic activity in the top side ionosphere such as small-scale irregularities generated due to acoustic waves (Hegai et.al.1997), and large-scale irregularities generated by anomalous electric field (Pulinets at al 2000), the modification of magnetic flux tube are also common features (Kim and Hegai 1997, Pulinets at al. 2002) So it seems that changes of the magnetic flux topology correlated with seismic activity can lead to the increase in the precipitation of energetic electron fluxes and, as a consequence, can yields excitation of the HF whistler mode. , H. Rothkaehl 2005”
2. The EIC waves travel as an electron beam spiraling along the magnetic field line with O+ and H+ ions that flow to the polar regions where they cause charged particle outflows up along the open Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) lines or the closed field lines of the radiation belt. The magnetic field lines come down upon the ionosphere as flux tubes in which the ions flow up and a charge exchange occurs causing electrons to precipitate down in what is called a Flux Transfer Event (FTE)
“One of the oldest known effects is electron heating in the F region which is caused largely by a thermal instability involving upper-hybrid plasma waves. Recently such electron heating has been shown to cause field-aligned ion outflows, which may help to further understand some of the naturally occurring outflows.” (Page 53)
“The outflow from the ionosphere is two orders of magnitude greater than predicted for the ‘‘classical’’ polar wind..” (Page 57)
Could it be that this extra ion upflow is coming from radio broadcast towers transmitting in the gyro-frequency range?
3.Cyclotron maser waves flow into the solar wind toward the sun. The maser waves change the speed of particles flowing Earthward through the solar wind flux tube. It takes approximately 11 – 12 years for this cyclotron maser induced particle density wave to reach the convective zone of the sun where gas injections have been observed. The convective zone of the sun is a place of powerful reactions and the electrons on the surface of the sun will eagerly leap forth to equalize and charge imbalance incurred by a gas injection. These are many facets to this process that will not be fully covered in this version of Broadcast Theory, but are explained in further detail in the larger version. 4.Sunspots throw energy back at earth in the form of solar proton events that can slash ozone levels 70%. These can be seen to not only follow the pattern of our historic use of broadcast frequencies, but cause a temperature variation that can be clearly seen in 1960. This was also known as Solar Cycle 19 and was the largest sunspot cycle on record and threw our ability to predict solar cycles out of alignment. Sunspots occur naturally according to the orbital paths of the planets around the sun and the crossing interplanetary magnetic field lines of two planets that are in alignment with the sun. There is a wealth of information on this topic as well as observations that will not be covered in this brief version of Broadcast Theory.
“The general trend in recent solar activity cycles (Figure 1) is toward larger amplitude sunspot cycles; Cycle 19 was the largest in recorded history (smoothed sunspot number maximum of 201 in March, 1958)”
“Hathaway has several graphs showing different prediction methods applied to past sunspot cycles. That is, they used the data from early in a cycle to "predict" what the rest of the cycle would do. Most predictions match reality fairly close, except for Cycle 19, the current record cycle, which peaked at 190 in sunspot number in 1957, just as the first space physics satellites were being launched.”
“Earth-directed solar explosions, for instance, tend to happen every 27 days -- the time it takes for sunspots to rotate once around the Sun. There is also an occasional 155-day cycle of solar flares. No one knows what causes it. And the double peaks of recent solar maxima are separated by approximately 18 months.
The source of all this variability is the turbulent Sun itself. The outermost third of our star -- the "convective zone" -- is boiling like hot water on a stove. California-sized bubbles rise 200,000 km from the base of the zone to the Sun's surface where they turn over and "pop," releasing heat (generated by nuclear reactions in the core) to space. Below the convective zone lies the "radiative zone" -- a calmer region where photons, not mass motions, transport the Sun's energy outward. Says Hathaway: "The Sun's magnetic field is generated at the boundary between these two layers where strong electric currents flow."
The first graph clearly shows that the two are correlated, but because the temperature flux comes before the solar flux, the sun cannot drive the temperature. This can only occur if the same mechanism that causes the temperature to rise also caused the solar variation resulting in solar cycle 19, the largest unpredicted cycle on record in 1960.
The 11 - 12 years between the two is the time is takes for the flux tube density irregularities to exchange between the sun and earth.
More of this is covered in the full version of Broadcast Theory.
5.Scientist have observed Powerline Harmonic Radiation (PLHR) on the magnetospheric generation of cyclotron maser plasma waves in combination with increasing electron density in the polar regions act as a secondary source of ionization in the ozone creation process. There is more on PLHR and this process in the full version of Broadcast Theory.
“Many observations of PLHR related emissions have been made. It seems that PLHR can control many more natural emissions than has usually been believed. Recently a cooperation was started with Dr. M. Parrot searching for PLHR-related events in the Freja satellite data which have been recorded simultaneously with our ground-based observations.”
“Parrot reviewed power line harmonic radiation; spectral lines spaced 50-60 Hz apart in the magnetosphere and generally observed to drift in frequency. The "Sunday effect" had been used confirm an anthropogenic source (no natural 7-day period). He speculated on an atmospheric/ionospheric link between PLHR and the greenhouse effect (in addition to the usually quoted increase in CO2 emissions associated with power generation), which could increase in importance as electrical power consumption continued to increase.”